Tuesday, July 16, 2013

Optional and Obligatory Memorials--what are the Options? -Divine Office factoid #9

Probably the single most confusing area of the Liturgy of the Hours involves knowing what your choices are on memorials of saints.  I get asked about this a lot.  Feasts and solemnities are easy--you do whatever it says for each of these days in the proper of saints, with no variation.Observing them is obligatory. There are some questions about whether to use an Evening Prayer I on their vigil, but that is another topic.   The problem with memorials is that there are several ways to do them.  Your breviary actually explains this but it means locating the page of explanations and finding the answer to your specific question. It might be easier to copy and print the following general principles and paste them inside the cover of your book.

1. Memorials and optional memorials are celebrated in the exact same way EXCEPT that the optional memorial is optional. This means you may ignore it and just do the current weekday if you prefer.
2. There are two ways to celebrate memorials: a. Stick with the current weekday in your 4-week psalter, substituting  whatever variations are supplied in the proper of saints. Most of the time this is only a concluding prayer, but sometimes it can be more, so always look over the entry in the proper of saints before you begin. b. Instead of the weekday in the psalter, choose one of the Commons (holy men, holy women, martyr, etc.), which you use for the entire office, except for those items in the saint's proper.

That's all there is to it. No matter what the St. Joseph guide or anyone else may tell you, you are always free to do memorials in one of two ways. (Or not at all when it's optional)

One more thing. Although many memorials have nothing "extra" other than a concluding prayer, always look at the proper of saints before you start. Some of the more ancient, time-honored saints have lots of stuff in their proper. We have a few examples in July: St. Mary Magdalene; St. Anne&Joachim.

The reasoning behind the Church's giving us these options? It seems that the Church has a kind of "preferential option" for the four week psalter and the normal yearly sequence of scripture readings in the Office of Readings. She does not want us to lose the rhythm of the psalter, nor miss too many of the appointed daily bible readings, which is what would happen if we celebrated every single memorial using the  commons for saints. At least, that is how I understand what I see in the Vatican II documents on the liturgy.



15 comments:

  1. Thanks! This is a helpful explanation that clears things up for me!

    ReplyDelete
  2. What if in individual recitation you choose a different Optional Memorial saint than your seminary community celebrates at Mass? Is that fine to do?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If you are a seminarian, then you should ask your superior at the seminary about that one. I do know that every diocese has an ordo for that diocese (They are all published by Paulist PRess and there's an app for that as well.) If you are in any sense a cleric you probably have some canonical obligations to do what is done in your diocese (or religious order if this an order's seminary).

      Delete
  3. If a memorial states to use week 1 am I entitled to choose to use the psalter for the occurring weekday instead of Sunday week 1 e.g st Cyril and methodius? Thanks in advance

    ReplyDelete
  4. Yes, you only have to use the Sunday week I for a feast. Memorials can --and I think, should--use the current weekday of the psalter.

    ReplyDelete
  5. So I can use the normal weekday psalter for tomorrow's obligatory memorial of st basil and Gregory nazianzen?

    ReplyDelete
  6. Thank you sorry I'm new to the liturgy of the hours

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I love helping newbies. Ask anything you like.

      Delete
  7. Hi if I want to pray the option of the holy name of jesus for the 3rd of January how do I go about it if I don't have the texts? Thank you

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Use a free breviary app such as ibreviary or universalis.

      Delete
  8. Wow, thank you so much. I have been struggling with this and am glad the tendency is to stay with the rhythm of the weeks. That was my inclination as well!

    ReplyDelete
  9. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Can you comment on our practice in our seminary community? When it is a Obligatory memorial (not optional) of a saint, we have a rule of thumb for the MORNING PRAYER that:
    1. We use the Hymn in the Commons.
    2. We use the Antiphons 1, 2 and 3 from the Commons but NOT use the Psalms and Canticles of Sunday Week 1 as indicated in the Commons but rather we use the Psalms and Canticle of the Day. Can we justify this practice through the 1st option you mentioned above on how we may pray the memorials? The reasons we do these are because the Antiphons of the Commons give more meaning and emphasis to the Memorial and at the same time, we will not lose the rhythm of the Psalter.
    3. We use the following from the Commons: Reading, Responsory and Intercessions.
    4. We read Canticle of Zechariah and the closing prayer from the Proper of Saint.

    For the EVENING Prayer II we use the Commons except that Canticle of Mary and the closing prayer are taken from the Proper of Saints.

    We celebrate the memorials in this way to give importance to these saints whom the Church consider as truly worthy of remembering for us to imitate and pray to as intercessors.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. According to the General Instructions for the Liturgy of the Hours, for memorials, the psalms and their antiphons are from the current weekday, the antiphons of the invitatory, hymn, short reading with its verse, the antiphons at the Benedictus and Magnificat and the intercessions are from the proper if assigned, or if not, from the Commons or the current weekday, and the concluding prayer is always proper.

      Delete